About the La Acequia de la Puebla

future parciantesFor generations the people of La Puebla have cared for and maintained their acequias. A 1781 census from La Iglesia de Santa Cruz de la Canada lists 25 residents living in the plaza known as San Cristobal de la Puebla. In those early years irrigation was a matter of life or death, for the sacred waters brought life to the community. Today irrigation water is a matter of cultural survival, historical preservation, and a tradition that is passed on to future generations. Care of the acequia madre also brings unity and cooperation to the community. The term acequia is derived from the Arabic word saqa which means “to water.” Later the word evolved to al saqiya which refers to an irrigation ditch. The Pueblo people maintained and used irrigation techniques in their culture as well. When the Spanish brought the term la acequia and the Old World techniques of irrigation to Nuevo Mexico they merged with the Pueblo irrigation practices to create an Indo-Hispano tradition known today as acequia culture. This important culture has survived in La Puebla for centuries and is still in practice today.


Four Acequias

The three ditches of La Acequia de la Puebla cover approximately ten miles. In December, the Commission (the governing body of the acequia association) and the Mayordomo (caretaker) are elected. Derechos de agua are the water rights retained by the parciantes of the acequia association. Parciante refers to the partitioning of land and water rights that accompanies the ownership of that land. Parciantes must pay a cuota (fixed fee) annually to the acequia association to use the water and to benefit from the irrigation system. Similar to membership dues, the money collected by the Commission is used for maintenance, repairs, and other expenses the acequia system may incur. It is the responsibility of each parciante to pay the fee each year and to help clean the acequia in the spring.  Other reglas (rules) for repartimiento de agua (distribution of water) govern the acequia members and can be found in the By-Laws and in Michie’s Annotated Statues of New Mexico, Chapter 72, Water Law.

The Acequia de la Puebla, is the life blood of the community and it is made up of many different components which date back for centuries. The presa (dam) diverts water from the Santa Cruz River into the acequia madre. A desague is a small channel or outlet used to drain excess water, sand, and debris from the main channel. These sand traps are built into the main channel and are used to clear the waters for irrigation following a storm. In los anos pasados, a canoa (flume) made from logs was used to channel water across arroyos. Today these have been replaced by canos or steel culverts. The bordo is the dirt embankment which runs along the side of the acequia. These embankments protect the main channel from flooding and runoff during heavy rain storms and snow melt. An ancon is a stone retaining wall used along land contours and serving as a terrace to contain the irrigation water.

The challenge today, for the Commissioners, parciantes, and Mayordomo of La Acequia de la Puebla is to preserve these centuries old traditions and incorporate these important lifeways into modern day practices of irrigation and agricultural techniques. This traditional knowledge will guide future generations of parciantes in the future and preserve la tierra bendita y l’agua sagrada for the La Puebla community in the 21st century.


Annual Meeting

The last Annual Meeting was held on December 14, 2013. The picture to the left shows our current Commissioners and Mayordomo who were all re-elected for a new 2 year term

Our annual meeting is held each year in December. This is a requirement of the Acequia Bylaws. Elections for Commissioners and Mayordomo are held in the odd numbered years.

 Congratulations to all and thanks for your service.


The Purpose of Acequia de La Puebla is to:

1) promote the agricultural uses of water on the lands served by the Acequia,
2) promote the efficient and beneficial use of water,
3) sustain customs and traditions of providing water to parciantes in a manner that is fair an equitable,
4) protect and defend the rights and interests of the Acequia and the parciantes,
5) maintain the infrastructure and easements of the Acequia de La Puebla, and
6) maintain an adequate diversion right to ensure a sufficient water supply for parciantes.

The acequia is served by three volunteer Commissioners and one Mayordomo.

(Bylaws, Art 1, § 1). The New Mexico State Engineer’s Office recognized Acequia de La Puebla in 1659 (Bylaws, Art 1, § 3).




Water is the lifeblood of our communities. The parciantes of Acequia de La Puebla believe that water should be protected as a community resource so that future generations can grow food and can have a healthy and secure source of water for needs within the community. We seek to promote agriculture by preventing the severance of water rights from irrigated land. We honor the ancient customs and traditions embodied in our Acequia and seek to govern our Acequia to continue the connection between our land, water and culture in perpetuity.


Special thanks to La Puebla's own Michael Miller for all the great historical information on this page. Mike is a writer and poet. He is the retired Director of Research and Literary Arts at the National Hispanic Cultural Center of New Mexico.